Background: Long-term follow-up is essential for assessment of success of the surgical repair of postcholecystectomy bile duct injuries (BDI). Factors affecting the long-term outcome and satisfactory
length of follow-up have been little reported in the literature. The aim of this study is long-term evaluation of hepaticojejunostomy regarding clinical, radiological, laboratory and quality of life assessment.
Method: Between January 1992 to December 2007, 120 patients with postcholecystectomy bile duct injury surgically treated by hepaticojejunostomy Roux-en-Y were followed up for 20 years in Mansoura Gastro-enterology Center. Long-term outcomes and quality of life (QOL) were evaluated for all patients.
Univariate and multivariate analyses were done for detection of factors affecting long-term outcome. Results: The median follow up period was 149 months, range (70e246 months). Successful long-term outcome was detected in 106 (88.3%) patients. Long-term complications were detected in 35 (29%) patients. Fourteen (11.6%) patients developed anastomotic stricture within different follow up intervals up to 17 years, of which. Seventeen (14.2%) patients developed recurrent episodes of cholangitis at median interval 48 months, range (2e156 months). Post-ERCP pancreatitis, number of anastomosis, operative time, post-operative early complications, and post-operative bile leak were predictors for poor outcome.
Physical component was much more affected than mental component in QOL.
Conclusion: Management of BDI in specialized centers is highly recommended. Longer time for follow-up of the patients of surgical repair of bile duct injury up to 20 years should be adopted to ensure successful outcome. Quality of life assessment is essential component of long-term follow-up.